between the Lakshwadeep Sea and the Western Ghats, Kerala is a bustling
little green-and-silver, coconuts-and-water state on the west coast of
India. It is bounded by Karnataka to the north, Tamil Nadu to the east, and
the Arabian Sea to the west. Thiruvananthapuram is its capital.
Every district in Kerala has it's own unique culture and characteristics.
Thiruvananthapuram is known for it's beach- Kovalam, the Sri Padmanabhaswamy
Temple and various museums and palaces; Alappuzha for it's backwaters,
Thrissur, the cultural capital, Kottayam for it's ancient churches,
Kozhikode for it's old world charm and the entrancing Ponmudi or Golden
Capital of Kerala
Though a bit of a tongue-twister, Thiruvananthapuram - the present official
name, is closer to it's mythological origins. The word ' Thiru ananthapuram'
means the city of Anantha or the abode of the sacred thousand-headed serpent
Anantha, who forms the couch on which reclines Lord Vishnu, the preserver in
the Hindu trinity.
Built on seven hills, it was the capital of the Venad chieftains. The city
has grown as a tourist and commercial centre, with the International airport
becoming the main gateway into Kerala. Being the state capital, it also
throbs with political activity.
Original inhabitants were animists, followed by
the Dravidians. After Alexander's triumphant sweep over Asia Minor, the
ports of Kerala became a link between the Middle East, the Mediterranean and
1498, Vasco da Gama made his historic landing on the Malabar Coast. In 1723,
the East India Company signed a strategic treaty with King Marthanda Varma.
For a few decades, Hyder Ali and his son -Tipu sultan proved to be a thorn
in the flesh of the British, sweeping down several times into Kerala. In
1947, it was the turn of the British to pack their bags.
Kerala also has considerable ethnic diversity.
The Malayali majority belong to the Dravidian group (local race) of early
There is a small population of descendants of Indo-European migrants from
the north. Certain hill tribes exhibit affinities with the Negrito peoples
of Southeast Asia. Most Keralites are Hindus, but there are also large
Christian and Islamic, and lesser Jain and Jewish, minorities.
The official language is Malayalam. A long contact with the outside world
has led to an intriguing blend of cultures and given Keralites a
How to Reach Kerala
There are three airports in the state -
Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi and Kozhikode. Thiruvananthapuram is also an
international airport, connecting the state to many places in India and the
There are around 200 railway stations in Kerala connecting most of the
places in the state to places in the other parts of India and inside the
state. Long-distance express trains connect important places in the state to
places outside Kerala like Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai and Kolkata.
An extensive network of metalled roads connects most
of the places in the state. National highways 47, 17, and 49 connect Kerala
with other parts of India.
Climate of Kerala
The climate is equable and varies little from season to season. The
temperature normally ranges between 27º and 32º C in the plains
but drops to about 21º C in the highlands.
32 to 20º C. Kerala is strongly buffeted by
both the southwest and northeast monsoons. Rainfall in many parts of the
state exceeds 118 inches. Best season: October to March.
Population of Kerala