is located near the Western Ghats and bordered by the hills, this
district has vast unending stretches of forests, rivers and rural
landscapes. Nature is seen in its abundance in this district and is famous
for its scenic beauty, fairs and festivals.
Pathanamthitta is an example of true tropical diversity, it is adorned with
fertile agricultural land, plantations and forest, paddy, tapioca, varieties
of vegetables and spices like cardamom, pepper etc. are extensively
cultivated. The district also abounds in extensive rubber plantations.
More than 50% of the total area of this simple land of temples, rivers,
mountain ranges and coconut groves covered by forests, this little district
is frequented by visitors from India and abroad often for its water fiestas,
religious shrines and cultural training centre.
The nearest airport is at Cochin, 152 km away.
Rail link at Tiruvalla, 30 km. away.
Pathanamthitta is linked by motorable roads.
Places of interest
Sabarimala is located on the mountain ranges
of the Western Ghats at an altitude of 914 m above sea level and is
accessible only by foot from Pamba (4 km). It is one of the most visited and
important pilgrim centres in South India. The temple is dedicated to Sree
Ayyappa. The main pilgrim is undertaken between November to mid January.
Mandalapooja and Makaravilakku are the two main events of the
pilgrim season. The temple stays closed during the rest of the year except
for the first five days of every Malayalam month and during Vishu (April).
Devotees undergo rigorous penance and austere living before starting on the
pilgrimage. Devotees wear black 'dhotis' and are bare-chested as they
prepare for the pilgrimage to Sabarimala. Devotees take a ritual bath, while
climbing up the hill in the holy river Pamba, which is believed to absolve
one's sins. People of all castes and creeds are permitted into the temple.
However, entry is not allowed to women between 10 and 50 years of age.
On the banks of the holy river Pamba, is
situated the Parthasarathi Temple (dedicated to Sree Krishna) which attracts
large crowds of devotees. The famed Aranmula boat race is held on the last
day of the week long Onam festival. The Vijnana Kalavedi at Aranmula imparts
training in the traditional arts like Kathakali, classical dances, classical
music, as well as Kalaripayattu. A lot of foreign tourists are seen here as
they stay here for long periods to get a first hand knowledge of the culture
of Kerala. The Parthasarathi Temple here has fine murals from the 18th
century. The unique and famous craft of metal mirrors, is also found in
Kadammanitta, is famous for its annual Patayani festival that takes
place in the premises of the Devi temple. The village 8 km away from
Pathanamthitta. Patayani, a ritual art form is an offering to the mother
This festival is conducted every year from the first day of the Malayalam
month Medam (April) to the tenth day. The tenth day is considered to be the
most auspicious day, which is celebrated as 'Pathamudayam'.
Kaviyoor is a city of temples and is famous for
its rock cut temples. It is located on the banks of the Manimala river. The
stone figures here are considered to be the earliest specimen of stone
culture. The famous Hanuman temple is built in gable style architecture
peculiar of Kerala. The rock cut Siva temple gives a remembrance of the
Pallava style of architecture. The rock cut Siva Temple, half a kilometre
away, is of great archeological significance. Dating back to the 8th century
AD, this temple bears close resemblance to the Pallava style of
Situated near Kozhencherry,
Maramon is the place of a religious convention of Christians from all over
the world. It is attended by people from all communities. The convention
which is usually held in February is addressed by religious thinkers and
Christian scholars from across the world. This is perhaps the largest
Christian convention in Asia.
This is where Veluthampi Dalawa, the renowned
freedom fighter of Travancore, spent his last days. The ancient Bhagavathy
Temple here has some exquisite stone sculptures. The annual festival is held
in February/March. The Kerala Institute of Folklore and Folk Arts functions
7 km from Thiruvalla. It is famous for the
church, that is believed to be among one of the seven and a half churches
originally established by St. Thomas in Kerala. This church displays a
marked influence of ancient temple architecture. Niranam is also famous as
the birth place of a band of 14th century poets known as the Niranam Kavikal
or Kannassa Panikkaranmar. They were renowned for their many translations
from Sanskrit to Malayalam, the most illustrious being 'Kannassaramayanam',
a translation of the epic Ramayana.
The Rakhtakanta Swamy Temple and the annual
cattle fair held in the Malayalam month of 'meenam' are the main attractions
of Omallur. People from both within and outside participate in the fair