district, which literally means a terraced place atop hills, was carved
out of the districts of Calicut and Palghat in 1969. It has been a centre
for Hindu-Vedic learning and teaching.
district is bounded by Kozhikode district in the north,
the Nilgiris on the east, Arabian Sea on the west and Thrissur and Palakkad
districts on the south. Malappuram figures prominently in history as the
place which frequently questioned the British Colonial Authority. Most of
the famous Mappilla revolts of Malabar, which took place between 1792 and
1921, occurred in areas now under Malappuram
district. House of the
Valluvanad dynasty of Chieftains who ruled over the area in ancient and
Malappuram has always enjoyed the status of a military headquarters. The
Zamorin of Calicut, for instance consolidated his conquests and built a
Palace of the then important Malabar Sea port of Ponnani in Malappuram.
The nearest airport is at Kozhikode (Calicut), 36 km
The main railway station is at Kozhikode (Calicut).
Malappuram is linked by motorable roads to several
towns in Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Places of interest - Malappuram
The birth place of Thunchath Ramanujan
Ezhuthachan, now called Thunchan Parambu, is in Tirur. It is the hallowed
ground where hundreds of Malayalam children are initiated into the wonders
of writing when they first trace the letters of the Malayalam alphabet in
sand, taken from that revered spot.
The important works of Ezhuthachan are Adhyatma Ramayanam and Adhyatma
Bharatham which is widely recited in Kerala homes. Young poets of Kerala
come on that day to offer their first poem.
Thali Temple :
This temple is located about 3 km west of
Angadipuram. Dating back to the 14th century, the temple is a fine example
of the total integration that can exist between wood and laterite.
Thirunavaya Temple :
Thiruvanaya Navamukunda Temple, near
Ponnani in Malappuram district is situated on the banks of the river
Bharathapuzha. Holding immense historical importance, this is the place
where 'Mamangam', a grand assembly of the rulers of Kerala
here once every 12 years, in olden times. This extravagant festival was held
for the last time in 1755 AD. Today, Thirunavaya temple is also a famous
pilgrim centre. The ten-day annual festival at the Thirunavaya Navamukunda
Temple, dedicated to Navamukunda (Lord Vishnu), begins with Kodiyettam and
concludes with Arattu. The last three days are the most auspicious.
Classical art forms like Krishnanattom, Kathakali, Mohiniyattam etc., are
performed during the festival nights.
Kottakkal town is the house to the famed Kottakkal Arya Vaidyasala, one
of the pioneer institutions of Ayurveda. Founded in 1902 by Vaidyaratnam
P.S. Warrier, Kottakkal Arya Vaidshala has branches all over the state as
well as in Delhi & Madras. One of the best Ayurveda centers in the
state, it is an research center, a nursing home & a hospital. The
treatment it offers for various ailments attracts a large number of
patients. Prior appointment has to be taken with the chief physician.
The Jamaat at Mosque :
This is an important pilgrim centre
of the Muslims of the state. The 4 day long annual festival at the mosque is
celebrated in April. Adjoining the mosque is the mausoleum of the Malapuram
shaheeds (martyrs) whose brave exploits have been immortalised in the
The small coastal fishing town of Tanur was one of the
earliest settlements of the Portuguese. It is believed that St. Francis
Xavier visited the place in 1546 AD. About 3 km south of Tanur town is
Keraladeshpuram Temple, dedicated to Lord Vishnu and believed to be one of
the oldest temples in Kerala.
Nilambur is famous for having the oldest teak plantation in the world,
the Conolly's Plot, just 2 km from town. It is named after H.V.Conolly, the
then Malabar District Collector. The place is also noted for its tribal
settlements, the world's first Teak Museum, vast rain forests, waterfalls
and ancient kovilakoms - residences of maharajas. This is the original home
of the Cholainaickans, the oldest aboriginal tribe of Kerala. The oldest
teak tree, Kannimari, in the plot is a rare attraction. On the
Nilambur-Gudallur Road is the world's first teak museum and a sub-centre of
the Kerala Forest Research Institute. Nedumkayam, just 18 km from Nilambur
town, is noted for its rich rain forests. From the wooden rest house built
here by the British, elephants and deer can be seen. One has to get
permission from the Forest Department to enter the forest zone.
Angadippuram has the Thirumandhankunnu
dedicated to Goddess Durga as well as the Puthanangadi Mosque, which has
Arabic inscriptions on its walls. It serves as an important religious centre
for both Hindus and Muslims.
Vallikunnu Beach :
A beach resort set in the middle of a
coconut grove is the main attraction here. The Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary is
just a short distance away.