is derived from the Malayalam word 'idukku', which
means a narrow gorge. Idukki
district was formed on January 26, 1972
carving out Devikulam, Peerumedu and Udumbanchola taluks from the erstwhile
Kottayam district and Thodupuzha taluk from the erstwhile Ernakulam
district. Situated in the southern part of Kerala.
is a landlocked district spread over an area of 5019 sq.kms.
Blessed generously by Mother Nature, Idukki offers diverse attractions like
wild life sanctuaries, hill stations, spice plantation centres and mountain
treks uses, chiefly significant in the Coir industry.
The nearest airport is at Kochi 132 km away.
The nearest railway station is at Kottayam, 133 km
Road : Idukki
can be reached by moterable roads from most
parts of Kerala.
Places of interest - Idukki
A small hill town surrounded by a spread
of beautiful, wooden valleys and meandering streams. Located 121 km away
from Kottayam, famed for its arched dam built across the Periyar River.
Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary:
The most nature rich areas of
Kerala are in Idukki. This sanctuary lies adjacent to the world renowned
Idukki Arch Dam
. Located at an altitude of 450-748 mt above sea
level, this sanctuary occupies the forestland between the Cheruthoni River
and the Periyar River. There is a scenic lake around the sanctuary, covered
by an enchanting canopy of tropical evergreen and deciduous trees, and
offers boat rides.
The wildlife found here is similar to that of Thekkady. Birds
include jungle fowl, myna, laughing thrush, black bulbul, peafowl,
woodpecker, kingfisher etc. Elephants, bisons, bear, wild boars, sambar wild
dogs, jungle cats, tiger, wild boar etc are seen here apart from various
species of snakes including cobra, viper, kraits and numerous non-poisonous
ones. The lake on the three sides of the sanctuary offers a panoramic view
to the tourists.
Idukki Arch Dam:
This is the world's second and Asia's
first arch dam, constructed across the Kuravan and Kurathi hills. 550 ft
high and 650 ft wide, the dam lies close to the Cheruthoni Barrage. To its
west is the Kulamavu Dam. Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary
is situated near
The Idukki Reservoir formed by three dams, namely, Cheruthoni, Idukki and
Kulamavu extends to 33 sq.kms.
The famous plantation town takes its name from
Peer Mohammed, Sufi saint and associate of the erstwhile royal family of
Travancore. Peermede offers an unforgettable experience for the visitor as
its wide vistas of tea, cardamom, rubber and coffee plantations interspersed
with silver cascades, sculptural rocks, meadows and mist-cloaked hilltops
make it an enchanting land. The most delightful trekking trails complement
the panoramic landscape. Monuments like the summer palace and summer
residence of the royal family add to the splendor of the land. The summer
residence now converted into a government guesthouse under the Department of
Tourism, offers comfortable accommodation.
Located at distance of 65 km from Idukki. This bird sanctuary is a
peninsular land of 25 sq. km formed between the branches of River Periyar.
The rivers are rich in fish life and are shallow for most of the year. The
avifauna includes both resting indigenous birds and water birds. The most
notable of the birds are Malabar grey hornbill, grey jungle fowl, heron,
egret, jungle myna, woodpecker, and rose winged and blue winged parakeet.
Rare birds like Ceylon frogmouth, rose-billed roller etc. are also seen.
It is at a distance of 70 km. from Idukki
.1600 mt above sea
level. Munnar is situated at the confluence of three mountain streams -
Mudrapuzha, Nallathanni and Kundala. This hill station was once the summer
resort of the erstwhile British Government in South India. Sprawling tea
plantations, picture-book towns, winding lanes and holiday facilities make
this a popular resort town. Among the exotic flora found in the forests and
grasslands here is the Neelakurinji. This flower that bathes the hills in
blue every twelve years, will bloom next in 2006 AD. Munnar also has the
highest peak in South India, Anamudi, which towers over 2695 m. Anamudi is
an ideal spot for trekking.
Located at a distance of 40 km from Idukki
One can view the working of the Moolamatton hydroelectric station, as the
Idukki Hydroelectric Project's underground powerhouse is located here.
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary:
Situated in the rain shadow
area of the Western Ghats. Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is a unique thorny
scrub forest with xerophyte species. Chinnar is the habitat of the
endangered Giant Grizzled Squirrel of India. Unlike other sanctuaries,
Chinnar has only 48 rainy days in a year. Dry deciduous forests, high sholas
and wet grasslands are also found here. As one travels from Karimuthi to
Chinnar Elephants, Spotted Deer, Sambhar, Hanuman monkey and even Peacocks
can be seen on either sides of the road. In 1984 it was declared as a
wildlife sanctuary and is spread over an area of 90,422 sq.kms. The
undulated terrain with rocky patches adds to the scenic splendour of the
Beautiful hill situated at
Nedumkandam. It's a perfect location for people who are interested in
watching the heavenly bodies, as the sky here is clear.
Misty waterfall provides a
picturesque view of the water, cascading down from scintillating heights.
The sheer beauty of the place attracts thousands of visitors every year.